Needed: People to talk to me about why they like coffee and coffee shops at 3pm on Weds 15th Oct.
I’ll be in the University of Sheffield’s Jessop West café from 3-4pm tomorrow.
The sound bytes I record might be used in a short film about the history of the coffee shop (more info below)
Adam J Smith- Email: AdamJSmith18C@gmail.com
Gemma Thore (Film maker): firstname.lastname@example.org
Amy Ryall (Arts Enterprises): email@example.com
The background and rationale for the film
The dawn of print culture and the issues that it raised map remarkably well onto the rise of the internet. Cheap print meant that for the first time almost anybody could go to print, prompting a boom in pamphlets, periodicals and newspapers. Much of this material was anonymous, and in instances where an author was attributed to a text the reader only had their word for it that they were who they said they were; prompting anxieties over the ‘authenticity’ and legitimacy of printed material. Much of these periodicals were designed to present individual opinions on everything from politics to literature, culture, music and fashion. Quite often these papers would present opinions on other opinions, which could lead to some very heated and nasty exchanges. Analogies to the blogsphere are not only easy to make but also highly appropriate. The coffee-houses in which these papers would have been consumed and discussed formed an important part a new commercial society, in which (for the first time) the public determined artistic output by buying what they liked (rather than having taste dictated to them by the patronage of the royal court). The Britain of this era was still new (topically, the Union of Scotland had only just taken place in 1707) and languishing in a period of highly publicised austerity (after the expensive wars and financial collapse of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth-centuries). In a series of events analogous to the hung parliament of 2010 the disruption wrought by the Hanoverian Succession meant that neither political party could rely on traditionally faithful voters. Instead, as each party chased the same floating and marginal voters their respective rhetoric came to sound more and more alike, leading to a widespread disillusionment in the political system. This, combined with the on-going financial crisis, led to rioting in cities across Britain in 1715; a civil uprising exploited by politicians and their critics alike across the new print culture that provided the canvas for these events.
My PhD thesis interrogates an early eighteenth-century periodical written by Joseph Addison called The Free-Holder. Originally published in 1715-1716 The Free-Holder represents Addison’s final contribution to the genre of ‘periodical writing’ before his death in 1719. Addison, whose life was retold in copious numbers of celebrative biographies throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth-centuries, is best remembered for his towering success on the earlier landmark periodicals: The Spectator and The Tatler. Each of these papers famously prescribed a polite and civilised mode of behaviour to the coffee-house culture of the early eighteenth century and apparently asserted the importance of maintaining partisan objectivity in political matters. In contrast The Free-Holder (which is usually excluded from biographical writing on Addison) demonstrates how this polite behaviour can be applied directly to politics; essentially concluding that rather than contenting or criticising a political opponent it is better to sympathise with them, adopt their language and rhetoric, and convert them to your cause without their realising it. My project argues that Addison is a pioneer in the way that he dirties the idea of politeness, applying it cynically and pragmatically to a partisan cause. It explains how it is that this process is enacted within the pages of The Free-Holder, arguing that this not only complicates our understanding of Addison’s life and writings, but also marks a striking parallel to our own condition.